Tucson Botanical Gardens
This link is derived from handouts given to Davis children during our visit to TBG.
Navigation:
Barrio Garden Collection Policy | Barrio Garden Plants | Barrio Garden Objects | Nuestro Jardín: Plant names in English, Spanish, and Science


Barrio Garden Collection Policy
Definition: This collection is a specialty garden representing a contemporary Tucson barrio (neighborhood) garden, a traditional Mexican-American garden.

Scope: Plant and object choices will be limted to the lists researched by the Barrio Garden committee in 1997-98. New acquisitions and replacements for the Barrio Garden need to be based on the plant list. Latitude may be used with varieties as long as they are in the spirit of the genera on the list.

Barrio Garden Plants

 

Lila/ Chinaberry/ Melia azedarach
A familiar sight in Tucson's oldest neighborhood, the Chinaberry tree comes from Asia.

Higuera/ Fig/ Ficus carica
Brought from Sapin by missionaries, the fig tree provides comfort from the sun and the fruit has been used to heal minor wounds.

 

 

Rosa/ Rose/ Rosa spp.
Flowers make a tea, Rosa de Castilla, which has been used to reduce fevers.

 

 

Violeta/ Violet/ Viola odorata
Grown for their beauty and sweet scent, these flowers have also been used for headache and sore throat.

Manzanilla/ Chamomile/ Athemis-Nobilis
This gentle, sweet herb could be used to ease childbirth, for colicky babies, and in a poultice.

Romero/ Rosemary/ Rosmarinus officinalis
Used in a tea for chest pains due to colds, or in a hair tonic. Powdered leaves are used as a dressing for the navels of newborns.

Ruda/ Rue/ Ruta graveolens
Used for earache or menstrual pain.

Yerba Buena/ Spearmint/ Mentha spicata
Used to relieve stomachaches.

Albacar/ Basil/ Ocimum basilicum
Used in cooking, for colds, bronchitis & fever.

Naranjo/ Orange/ Citrus
xxxxxBlossoms are used as a tasty, relaxing drink to induce sleepiness or to reduce fever.

 

 

 

Barrio Garden Objects

These objects were selected by the Barrio Garden Committee and are listed in the original grant proposal to the Southwestern Foundation for Education and Historical Preservation (March 6, 1998):

Masonry shrine
Adobe wall
Metal wheelbarrow
Bird bath
Rusted tin sheeting (for fences)
2 (metal) chairs
Gate
Ocotillo fencing
Window
One santo

Not listed in grant, but put forward by the committee:
Galvanized washtub

 

Nuestro Jardín General Plant List/ La lista general de las plantas de Nuestro Jardín

Common names in English - Spanish (Scientific name)

Trees and shrubs | Herbs | Vegetables and Fruits | Flowers

 

Trees and Shrubs

Agave, Century Plant -

Maguey (Agave americana)

 

Amaryllis -Azucena, Corazón de Jesús

Asparagus fern - Helecho (Asparagus spp.)

Bush morning glory - (Ipomea carnea)

Canna lily - Alas de perico (Canna spp.)

Arizona Rosewood -

(Vauquelinia californica)

 

Bougainvillea - Bugambilia

(Bougainvillea spectabilis, red varieties)

Canyon Hackberry -

Cúmaro (Celtis reticulata)

 

Cape Honeysuckle (Tecomaria capensis)

 

Castor bean - Higuerilla (Ricinus communis)

Chinaberry - Piocha, Lila (Melia azerdarach)

Chinese Hackberry - (Celtis chinensis)

Chinese Jasmine - Jasmín (Jasminum polyanthum)

Climbing rose - Rosa enredadera (Cascade)

Daylily - Flor de mayo (Hemeracallis fulva)

Dichondra - Oreja de Ratón

Fig - Higuera (Ficus carica)

Honeysuckle - (Lonicera japonica)

Chinese date - Jujube,

Ciruela governadora (Ziziphus jujuba)

Giant Reed - Carrizo (Arriando donax)

Hibiscus - Obelisco (Hibiscus rosa-chinensis)




Indian fig prickly pear - Nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica)

 

Iris - Lirio (older purple variety)

 

Lantana - Yerba de Cristo (L. montevedensis, purple)


Loquat - Nispero (Eriobotrya japonica)

 

Mexican Elderberry -

Tápiro (Sambucus mexicana)

Mexican fan palm - Palma Mexicana (Washingtonia robusta)

Narcissus - Narcisos ('Paper White')

Night-blooming cereus - Reina de la Noche

Oleander - Laurel (Nerium oleander, standard pink)

Periwinkle - (Vinca major)

Persian mulberry - Mora (Morus nigra)

Philodendron - (Philodendron selloum)

Orange - Naranjo

(Citrus sinensis 'AZ Sweet')

Pomegranate - Granado (Punica granatum)

 

Primrose jasmine - (Jasminum mesnyi)

 

Privet - (Ligustrum lucidum, standard)

 

Purple heart - Alas de angel (Setcreasea pallida)

 

Queen's wreath - San Miguelito

(Antigonon leptopus)

 

Rainlily - Mayito (Zephyranthes grandiflora)

Rose - Rosa de Castilla ('Chrysler Imperial', 'Chicago Peace',"Ole', 'Love', 'Perfume Delight')

Rose-of-Sharon hibiscus - (Hibiscus syriacus)

Ruellia - (Ruellia brittoniana 'Katie')

Sacred datura - Toloache (Datura meteloides)

Sanseveria - Lengua de suegra

Santa Rita prickly pear - Nopal Santa Rita (Opuntia violacea v. santa-rita)

 


Scrub live oak - Encino, roble (Quercus turbinella)

 

Sedum spp. - Cola de Borrego

 

'Sprite Cherry-plum' - Ciruelo (Prunus sp.)

 

Star jasmine - Jasmín blanco estrella (Trachelospermum jasminoides)

 

Sweet violet - Violeta (Viola odorata)

 

Texas mulberry - Mora de Texas (Morus microphylla)

 

Tree Tobacco - Palo Juan (Nicotiana glauca)

 

Trumpet vine -Trompillo

(Campsis radicans)

Yucca - Yuca

(Y. gloriosa, Y. aloifolia)



 

Herbs - Las Hierbas
Aloe vera - Sábila (Aloe bardadensis)
Chamomile - Manzanilla (Matricaria spp.)
Coriander - Cilantro (Coriandrum sativum)
Lavender - Alhucema (Lavandula spp.)
Lemon grass - Té de limón (Cymbopogon citratus)
Mexican tarragon - Pericón, Yerba anise (Tagetes lucida)
Oregano -Orégano (Lippia graveolens, L. berlandieri)
Parsley - Perejil (Petroselinum crispum)
Peppermint - Menta (Mentha piperita)
Rosemary -Romero (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Rue - Ruda (Ruta gravelolens)
Spearmint - Yerba buena (Mentha spicata)
Sweet basil - Albahaca, Albacar (Ocimum basilicum)
Wormseed - Epazote (Chenopodium graveolens or Chenopodium ambrosiodes)

 

Vegetables and fruits - Las verduras y frutas

 

Bell pepper - Chile campana

 

Chili (Spp.) - Chile (Capsicum spp.)

Chiltepin (Spp.)

Chives - Cebollina

 


Corn (spp.) - Maíz
Garlic - Ajo (Allium sativum)
Grape - Parra, Uva, Uva silvestri
Melon - Melón; Watermelon - Sandía
Onion -Cebolla (Allium spp.)
Squash

Yellow crookneck - Calabacita amarilla
Zuccini - Calabacita italiana
Strawberry -Fresa
Tomato - Tomate or jítomate

 

Annual flowers - Las flores anuales
Amaranth, cockscomb - Alegría, Cresta de gallo
Carnation (spp.) - Clavel
Cosmos - (C. bipinnatus)
Euryops daisy - Margarita amariilla
Easter lily (hybrid 'gift' variety)
Four-o'clock - Maravilla
Geranium (Zonal, seedling -red most popular) - Geranio
Gerbera daisy
Hollyhock - Barritas de San José o Malva Hortenses

Nasturtium - Mastuerzo
Petunia spp. -Petunia
Poinsettia - Nochebuena, Flor de Navidad
Poppy - Amapole (Papaver orientale)
Sweet pea - Chícharos
Verbena - Verbena

Marigold spp. (regular garden varieties) -

Flor de muerto, Cempaxúchil, Cempazuchil

Zinnia spp. - Zinia

 


 



Page location: http://www.arts.arizona.edu/are476/Davis/files/plants.htm
Page created: 3 December, 2001 (layout rearranged)